How to Reload Ammo

Whether you're preparing for police academy or the military, or you simply enjoy shooting as a recreational activity, going to a shooting range can be a brilliant stress-relieving activity. Although many people don’t believe it, there are several benefits to participating in shooting sports. In fact, research has shown that this type of sport can help to improve both your physical and mental health.

Although visiting the shooting range can be a lot of fun, it can also be quite expensive - particularly if you attend on a regular basis. However, there are several things you can do to reduce the cost of this brilliant sport.

One of the best ways to reduce the amount of money you spend on this sport, is to learn how to reload your own ammo. Whether you're a professional or not, reloading your own ammo can help you a lot. If you want to learn how to reload your own ammo, then keep reading below. It’s important to remember that your caliber may not require all the steps listed below. Make sure you read the manufacturer’s instructions before attempting to reload your gun:

Understand the Different Parts of the Cartridge

Often when we’re on the shooting range, we’ll hear people asking for more bullets. However, most people don’t realize that the bullet is only one part of what they need. In actual fact, they should be asking for more cartridges. The ammo used for rifles and handguns is known as a cartridge. The cartridge is what you place into the chamber of a gun and the bullet is the part that comes out of the muzzle.

When it comes to their assembly, cartridges are produced with four main parts:

  • The case – this holds the powder, the bullet, and the primer
  • The primer – this explodes when struck by the firing pin. The explosion then ignites a fire
  • The powder – the fire burns the powder. This then creates gas that forces the bullet out of the gun
  • The bullet – the bullet is the piece of metal that hits the target

. There are two main types of cartridges available to choose from:

  • Centerfire – this is the most common type of cartridge. In this type of ammunition, the primer is located in the center. These types of cartridges can be reloaded.
  • Rimfire – in this type of cartridge the primer is located on the rim. These cartridges cannot be reloaded.

Anyone who wants to learn how to reload ammo needs to understand the different parts of a cartridge.

Case Prepping

If you want to learn how to reload ammo, the first thing you need to do is to learn how to clean and polish the casings. Casings can be cleaned using a brass tumbler.

Once your brass casings are clean you will need to bring them back to their original specifications. Failing to do this may mean your gun is unable to fire. You will need to de-prime the primer and then use a cleaner tool or a reamer to resize the casing. One option is to run the fired case through a resizing die. This will reform the brass. This die also reforms any case mouth problems and dents.

Depending on the caliber of gun you’re using, and how many times the casing has been used, you may need to make sure that the casing hasn’t altered in length. If it has, you will need to shave off any excess casing.


After cleaning the case, you’re ready to insert the primer. It’s important to be careful with the primer. You don’t want to contaminate it with any liquids or oils. You will need to make sure that the primer is seated in the primer pocket at the right depth. It should be flush with the case head.

Add the Gunpowder

This is one of the most important things to get right while reloading ammo. There are several ways you can drop the gunpowder into the primed case. One of the most popular measures is by using a stand-alone powder measurer.

Seat the Bullet

Once you’ve prepped the case, added the primer and gunpowder, the next step is to seat the bullet. This is the final stage of reloading ammo. You will need to use a seating die to make sure that the bullet is seated at the correct depth. You can find the correct measurement for your cartridge in your reloading guide. Once your bullet has been seated, your cartridge is complete.

Reloading ammo isn’t as difficult as you’d think. In fact, nowadays, most people who own their own weapons prefer to reload their ammunition themselves instead of simply purchasing new rounds. There are several reasons for this; for example its more economical and it's fun. With the right gear and a bit of time and effort, you’ll be able to make sure that you keep yourself supplied with ammo while saving money along the way. If you want to try reloading ammunition in your weapon, then read the manufacturer’s instructions and make sure to follow our advice above.